Change the color of list markers with just CSS



The web is mostly lists. Ever been to a website without a navigation menu? That said, not everything on the web looks like a list. It's easy to un-style a list, but is there a pure CSS way to change the color of list markers, without the use of an image?

I'm currently on vacation and missing my protein shakes at home, so lets use the ingredients as our example list to help me cope.

By default, the list marker inherits the text color of the list item. But how would we change the color of HTML list markers to make them match our theme color? We have 2 pure CSS options:

Option 1: A pseudo element

This option is the most open-ended. Add ::before or ::after to li elements, then style the pseudo element to your heart's content.

li::before {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    left: -1em;
    top: .7em;
    height: .5em;
    width: .5em;
    transform: rotate(45deg);
    background: dodgerblue;

These list item markers should look like blue diamonds.

Option 2: The list-style-image property

Images are fine, but updating a png/svg/jpg is not always easy, and won't match if we change the theme color. Thankfully, list-style-image accepts gradient values, and that's the secret.

ul {
    list-style-image: radial-gradient(coral 65%, transparent 0);

These list item markers should be coral colored.

ul {
    list-style-image: linear-gradient(
        green 37%, 
        lightgreen 37%, 
        lightgreen 63%, 
        transparent 0

These list item markers should look like gems.

We can do more fun things with this, but I'll leave discovering those up to you. Unfortunately, layering multiple gradients won't work. This approach limits you to a single gradient, within the size of the marker box.

Both of these approaches are a little bit hacky. That's okay, because we have a much more straightforward way coming soon. By next year, we might be using the ::marker pseudo element instead. At the time of writing, ::marker is still a draft in the CSS spec.

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